Specific Gravity Adjustments

To increase the specific gravity of juice: Add table sugar to increase the gravity. To calculate the amount needed, take an initial gravity reading, then subtract that from the specific gravity you wish to begin with. The difference will determine approximately how much sugar to add (use column on right).

Example: If your current gravity is 1.075 (24.5 oz. sugar per gal), and the desired gravity is 1.095 (31.0 oz. sugar per gal) then [ 31.0 – 24.5 = 6.5 oz.] So 6.5 oz. of sugar per gallon that must be added to bring the gravity up to 1.095

To reduce the specific gravity (if sugar level is too high): 2 quarts of water will decrease a 5 gallon must approximately by 0.010

Hydrometer Conversion Chart
Specific Gravity Brix Alcohol Potential Sugar Per oz/gal
1.000 0 0 0
1.005 1.2 0.5 1.7
1.010 2.5 0.9 3.3
1.015 3.7 1.6 4.9
1.020 5.2 2.3 6.5
1.025 6.5 3.0 8.1
1.030 7.7 3.7 9.8
1.035 9.0 4.4 11.4
1.040 10.2 5.1 13.0
1.045 11.5 5.8 14.6
1.050 12.5 6.5 16.2
1.055 13.7 7.2 17.8
1.060 15.1 7.8 19.5
1.065 16.3 8.6 21.1
1.070 17.5 9.2 22.8
1.075 18.5 9.9 24.5
1.080 19.7 10.6 26.0
1.085 20.7 11.3 27.7
1.090 22.0 12.0 29.3
1.095 23.0 12.7 31.0
1.100 24.0 13.4 32.6
1.105 25.2 14.1 34.1
1.110 26.2 14.9 35.7
1.115 27.3 15.6 37.4
1.120 28.4 16.3 39.0

Sugar Conversion Table Liquid Conversion Table

1 pound = 2 ¼ cups = 16 ounces 1 pint = 16 liquid ounces

1 ounce = 2 Tablespoons (level) 1 cup = 8 liquid ounces

2 ½ oz. = 5 Tablespoons (level) 1 quart = 32 liquid ounces

1 pound = 3 cups corn sugar 1 Imperial gallon = 1.2 U.S. gallons

4 pounds = 5 pounds honey 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon (level)

¼ cup = 4 tablespoons (level)